How is bioponics defined?

Bioponica believes that its method of soilless farming is best described as "bioponics" .

Per the Marrian-Webster dictionary "bio" or "biology" is defined as a branch of knowledge that deals with living organisms and their vital processes. "Ponics" is from the Greek word exertion or labor.

Hence, "bioponics" must be the labor of living organisms ...engaged for the purpose of growing food, herbs and flowers in a soilless, recirculating environment. 

The schematic above gives an overview of what naturally takes place in a healthy soil-based plant bed. With bioponics, we can control all these conditions and optimize growth as long as we stick to the principal of supporting the organisms first and formost. 

Microorganisms live in deep symbiosis with plants and other microbes. They help plants absorb nutrients and the store nutrients as a biomass of microbes. In the grow media microorganisms are consumed and digested, with excreted liquid nutrients from the decomposers released in a plant ready form. 

What is the role of decomposers such as worms and nematodes? Is it also the same as in soil gardening? Yes. Decomposer organisms play a critical role in availability of nutrients within the food web. They consume bacteria, protozoans, flagellates, amoeba and fungi. Following digestion, the released free inorganic nutrients, as an ammonia rich urine provides readily assimilated nutrients to the plant roots.

Human urine is another abundantly available waste-resource that is in a plant ready form, ready for diluted application into the biofiltering grow beds. Interesting parallel in how biota bacteria are consumed and their nutrients excreted like urine in the same overall process that it takes for food in the human diet to convert to urine.  Organic carbon food compounds are broken down in the gut first with acid and anaerobic bacteria and digestive enzymes before being absorbed into the blood stream. Where oxygen and organic microbes uptake and release nutrients prior to excretion into the urine.

Bioponics grows fish but doesn't require them like aquaponics. It does not tolerate chemicals as in hydroponics as this will kill the microorganisms and does not make for a particularly healthy plant. The nutrients are derived from carbon containing (organic) plant matter. As it decomposes it becomes a fertilizer and a feed for microbes and predators that bioconvert it to a freely uptaken inorganic nutrient.

Human urine should be considered in any sustainability discussion in agriculture. Use of it within a Food Plantâ„¢ fertility program reduces the total mass of green biomass required and adds important minerals, nitrogen and phosphorus.  

The soilles nature of bioponics benefits from the recapture and recirculating nature of growing. This is by far the most water conserving method of farming. Now, with aquaponics this can be utilized in an organic environment. One that is more sustainable than any other method of farming ever developed.

Questions and Answers

What is the main benefit of microorganisms in the soilless plant grow beds?

Microorganisms live in deep symbiosis with plants and other microbes. They help plants absorb nutrients and the store nutrients as a biomass of microbes.  In the grow media microorganisms are consumed and digested, with excreted liquid nutrients from the decomposers released in a plant ready form. 

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